Daily Health

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High Heels and Joint Pain


Women and shoes is absolutely inseparable. It was like the beat and track, complementary to one another. High heels, in particular, is said to enhance the elegance and self-confidence of the wearer’s exact model and executives. However, did you hear wear high heels can cause posture problems and joint pain?

Walking and Running

During walking or running, our weight is divided evenly at each joint of the hip, knee, ankle and foot. This gives balance to the body and minimal stress on muscles and joints that touches the earth every time we stand.

When we stand, we actually through 4 distinct phases known as ‘gait cycle’. It includes the phases of shock heel (heel-strike), up phase (stand phase), phase push your toes (toe-off) and the swing phase of walking (swing phase). Changes from one phase to the next phase involves different muscle contractions and joint mobility and complementary. Changes in any of these parts will affect the other.

The Effect of Changes Resulting from the High Heel Shoes

When a women wearing high heels, anatomy and biomechanics of the foot and ankle joints varies with the shape of the shoe. Ankle joint will protrude forward while the toes are bent upward and diverging.

When running, the weight of the wearer will be more focused on balls of the toes just over the tripod of the ball on the first, fifth and heel bone, when walking by wearing flat shoes. Such constant pressure can lead to thickening of the skin on the ball of the root, known as callosities and toe pressure on the nerves. This resulted clutched nerve pain and sometimes numbness in the toes known as Morton’s neuroma.

To beauty the position of the toes, high heels are usually created with a tapered nozzle to allow the toes move closer to each other. If used for a long time, it can lead to problems known as hallux valgus, Bunion and bunionette.

Hallux valgus is a condition in which the toe gust, Bunion bend and cause the formation of lumps at the big toe. It really is the end of the metatarsal bone of the big toe thumb exposed as a result of the bend. Bunionette also the same situation occurs when the toes bend to fifth in the fifth metatarsal bone causes the tip become apparent. If not treated, it can cause inflammation and ulceration of the skin caused by constant  friction.

In addition, the posture legs wearing high heels cause the body to change and balance the axial load on the muscles of the calves and thighs to ensure the wearer remains stable and will not fall when standing and walking.

To ensure that the axis of the body remains balanced, the spine will be bent causing extreme lordosis and is likely to lead to chronic back pain. Disproportionate burden on the knee and hip joints can also cause arthritis or osteoarthritis at a younger age.


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