Acanthosis nigricans is a condition in which the skin becomes darker, thicker, and like velvet on the body part wrinkled and folded like the armpits, groin and neck. There is no specific treatment for acanthosis nigricans. So it can cause a person with this condition is very alarming appearance of their skin. As for some of the treatment options that are available only to help relieve the affected skin areas.
Acanthosis nigricans may disappear gradually, as does the treatment of several conditions that could be the cause, such as obesity or diabetes.
What causes acanthosis nigricans?
Here are several different causes of acanthosis nigricans:
1. Insulin Resistance
Most people who have acanthosis nigricans are also resistant to insulin (a hormone released pancreas and is used process a sugar).
Ultimately lead to insulin resistance of type 2 diabetes.
Most people who have acanthosis nigricans are overweight or obese, which is also a risk factor for insulin resistance.
3. Hormonal disorder
Often occurs in people who have disorder such as ovarian cysts, underactive thyroid, or a problem with the adrenal gland.
4. Certain drugs
Drug such as oral contraceptives and corticosteroids can lead to acanthosis nigricans.
Acanthosis nigricans also occurs when cancerous tumors began to grow in internal organs such as the stomach, intestine or liver.
Acanthosis Nigricans Treatment
As mentioned earlier, treating the condition that caused it usually also can eliminate acanthosis nigricans. Moreover, in the case of patients with overweight, changes in diet can help you to lose weight. So that after weight loss, acanthosis nigricans can also disappear gradually.
Patients may be prescribed a cream or lotion to help relieve the affected area. Some medications that can relieve acanthosis nigricans:
1. Medication orally (by mouth), such as isotretinoin
2. Lotions containing vitamin A, such as tretinoin
3. Fish oil supplements
Treatment is aimed at reducing the thickness of the affected skin area acanthosis nigricans or patients can undergo laser therapy.