Encephalitis is a disorder or disease due to inflammation in the brain. Encephalitis is also known as inflammation of the brain. The cause of inflammation in the brain due to a viral infection. Some of the symptoms that would occur in people suffering from encephalitis are common symptoms that occur in disease caused by a virus infection, include fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue and nausea. Care and treatment given to treat encephalitis is to stop the infection and relieves symptoms including providing antiviral drugs such as acyclovir.
As already mentioned in the brief description above, that cause inflammation of the brain is due to a viral infection. Some examples of viruses that can cause infection in the brain is the herpes simplex virus (the virus that causes cold sores and genital herpes), varicella-zoster virus (the virus that cause measles), mumps virus, measles virus and travel to the brain in the bloodstream and attacks the brain, causing encephalitis.
In some cases, meningitis or encephalitis can occur after being bitten by insects such as mosquitoes, also sometimes occur due to encephalitis occur after the rabies virus infection bitten by animals such as dogs. In minor cases, encephalitis is also caused by bacteria.
Factors that also affect the occurrence of meningitis or encephalitis is the condition of the immune system or the immune system of a person. People who have a weak immune system will be more easily infected with the virus. A weakened immune system is not able to resist the attacks of some viruses.
Differences Encephalitis and Meningitis
Although at the same occur because of inflammation, encephalitis and meningitis have differences. Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges). This is usually caused by bacterial or viral infection. While trade encephalitis occurs in the brain itself and is generally caused by a virus.
The symptoms of viral encephalitis include :
- General malaise
- High temperature
- Memory loss
- Personality changes
- Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
- Stiff back
- Stiff neck